Vorontsova Maria: Ethical Aspects of the Development of Modern Genetics

Speaker: Vorontsova Maria, Deputy Dean for Science at the Department of Fundamental Medicine, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Presidium Member of the Russian Association for the Promotion of Science in the RF, Lead Research Fellow at the National Medical Research Center of Endocrinology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, PhD in Medical Sciences, Russia

Topic: Ethical Aspects of the Development of Modern Genetics


Thanks to modern genetic technologies, medicine is turning from universal to personalized. However, along with new opportunities, this brings new risks and new ethical challenges. To what extent is the patient able to correctly understand the specialized information provided by modern research? Should he or she know it if there is a risk of its misinterpretation and subsequent actions? Should the patient know the information about himself or his or her baby about to be born, if such information is probabilistic in nature or cannot serve as a basis for anything? Does a human being need this moral burden or moral choice? These issues concern individuals, children who have not yet been born, as well as married couples. To what extent can we interfere more than just into the personal space of a person and inform others about it? To what extent do we have the right to keep silent, if there are certain risks? Modern science in this country and abroad raises these questions, but are no clear answers yet. Philosophy can join the discussion of these problems.